Guizhou, China has a long history Gelao one nation, from the ancient people developed in the bureaucrats. In the late third century BC to the early third century AD (Han Dynasty), southwest Yelang area, have included the ancestors Gelao activities, including the Lao People.
111 BC, bamboo furniture the Han Dynasty in the central government set Yelang County and surrounding areas. Since then, the main inhabitants of the land - of Lao People, and the Central Plains in the political, economic and cultural aspects have a greater amount of contact. Gelao Although their own language, but vary greatly. Today, only about a quarter of people will Gelao words, Chinese people have become Gelao communication tool. Some people can speak Hmong, Yi, or Buyi language and so on. Gelao not the national language, General Sage.
Gelao in housing, clothing, food, funeral, and Zao Bi (a tooth), body piercing and other practices, and have saved many of the ancient Lao People's characteristics. In the nineteenth century, Guizhou JINWOZI Puding County township and rural area Gelao Goyang women, as well as a tooth of the customs. Women dressed in the ancient Lao People's "barrel skirt" (or as "General Group"), a few decades ago in some areas in Guizhou Gelao, bamboo flooring still retain this dress.
The scope of Lao People distribution of ancient, but had movement and is continually expanding. The early third century AD (Shu Lite years), the Department will Michael Ma Liang, Zhang Yi Mountain attack dispatch department (in this Guizhou Province) since this area has been more than two thousand of Lao People move to Hanzhong (Shaanxi Hanzhong this area) . In 302 AD to 347 years (the first year of the West to the Eastern Jin Taian Yonghe three years), the then rulers have repeatedly attract a large number of bureaucrats from the county to enter Sichuan. Langzhong in Imagawa, Xichang, Guanghan, Jianyang, Ziyang, Yibin and Tsz Tong and other places, Gelao mainly engaged in agriculture. Strike while the iron industry is relatively developed manually, so the history books in some places Gelao known as the "strike while the iron Gelo."
Gelao Guangxi, according to historical records, from Guizhou to move to the. Now widely Xilong Lin County wells Gelao people also move the legend of their ancestors from Guizhou Xingyi House (now in Anlong county in Guizhou), and now more than ten generations.
Gelao project is a traditional sport to play ball and grab the bamboo fireworks show, grinding autumn. To show the ball hit the most famous bamboo.
Bamboo show hit the ball: Also known as "playing the bamboo eggs", popular in Zunyi, Guizhou, Renhuai area of ??Folk. Held in the mountains and fields of a collective athletic games. Bamboo show the ball is compiled with fine strips of bamboo ball (usually used owner, golden bamboo, bamboo, bamboo split into the first film, slashing Zhuhuang, and then hand code), size of a fist, the plug straw, cotton, rags, were egg-shaped (and there are large, such as soccer). Some areas show solid ball and hollow bamboo bamboo show the ball two, ball hollow built bamboo show coins or stone tablets; usually weighing not more than 250 grams. Venue is simple, the participants divided two opposing teams, each team 4-8 the number of general people. The play of "crossing the river", "for Waterloo," "into the cylinder," "plate", "idiot" and so on. Play pen ball method show somewhat similar to volleyball, the field has boundary equal to the number of participants on both sides, mostly for three, five, wanted to ask on the beat, sparring, if necessary, can also kick. Beat community, or are losing contact with the body. In addition to the participants in the sport skilful, the most important thing is now among the team members should closely cooperate and understanding. Is the jumping exercise, a good form of arm strength and endurance.
Cattle are keeping cattle: long-distance running like sports, the difference is that cows are keeping long-distance cattle are chasing things. Is the unique taste of Folk Bamboo ball to another, the general election conducted in the wilderness. Commencement of the event, kick-off who tried to Bamboo blows to the distance the ball, the farther the better, and then participate in sports are followed by chase people, who also grabbed a throw to the right (direction not limited to), we then chase. When people drop out, should drop the number of self-reported, the more the number, the better the results. Every time the ball back and forth, tossing often to run a twenty kilometers, is to exercise a way of endurance and speed. Many tourists to Guizhou, regular participation activities.
Snatching: Gelao a collective events, is currently the tourism projects in Guizhou. The two contestants each team playing 10 men. "Fireworks" is a diameter of 5 cm, weight 40 grams -50 grams of the metal ring on the red cloth wrapped around (or red). Venue sideline 60 meters long, side width 50 meters, the center fired point. The outer ends of lines, each with a central 6 × 4 m fort, built a basket of flowers. Grab a fireworks party members into the other forts, the fireworks into baskets, you can score a point. The integral multi-winner.
Polished autumn - home crossbar on the stakes, the crossbar at each end of a person sitting, hovering up and down movement.
Cattle King of Folk Festival is a unique festival, first day in the lunar month of October. Every day, local Gelao chickens, the wine, the king cow worship Buddha, pray beef cattle Wangbao You physically robust, all households will have to let cattle cattle rest and feed the cows with the best, such as rice have to spend to play two Baba two cows were hanging in the corner, led the cattle to water, let the cows "in the mirror", so that it cheerfully, and then remove the Baba cows.