As the society for food safety issues and increasing concern, from food containers, packaging materials, food safety issues led to the gradual rise to the attention of the community.
According to China's "Food Sanitation Law" is defined, food containers, packaging material is a packaging paper for food in full bloom, bamboo, wood, metal, enamel, ceramic, plastic, rubber, natural fiber,bamboo furniture chemical fiber, glass products and wall coatings in contact with food. Food containers and packaging materials for food safety has a double meaning: first, the right packaging methods and materials to protect food from contamination of the outside world, maintaining the food's own moisture, composition, quality and other characteristics do not change. Second, the packaging material itself, the chemical composition of migration will occur in the food, bamboo flooring if the migration of more than a certain threshold, it will affect food hygiene. As food technology and packaging industry is developing rapidly, many new forms of packaging materials and packaging continue to emerge, and how various types of packaging materials in food regulation and management applications has been the concern of governments.
1,bamboo kitchen the United States.
According to the U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), food additives, food packaging materials is the scope of management. The definition of food additives, including through direct or indirect to add, contact with food or food ingredient of the food into the nature of all substances. The packaging, storage or other processing process is migrated to an indirect food additive substances. The management of the U.S. food additives are based on risk assessment carried out to prove that a chemical substance on the human body through food little harm, then that type of material do not need special approval process. But the proof of the health hazards of chemical substances on the extent of this work needs to be completed by the applicant.
For the safety of an unknown substance, according to the U.S. for the food additive substances management system, its use should be first choice of management procedures. The United States for the management of packaging materials from regulation into management, approval of food additives, food contact substance notification three cases.
1.1 If a substance from management as a packaging material or as a component of which can be proved to migrate to less than a certain limit the amount of food, and that the substance is not a known carcinogen, not impact on the food will not affect the environment, that type of material used from managed. In general, the requirements of this limit for the mass transfer to the food does not exceed 0.5g/kg, or human food intake every 13 by the amount of the substance is less than every 13 to allow the intake (ADI) 1%. Material from the application of management, FDA requires applicants to provide information on the chemical structure of the substance, chemical characteristics, applications, migration (including migration of the maximum possible amount of processing or use of residues in finished packaging materials), detection methods, dietary exposure, toxicological evaluation of information (especially cancer test data) and so on. FDA evaluated the information upon request, to determine whether administration of the substance exempted from regulation. If the application is approved, FDA will notify the applicant in writing, and management of material added to the list from the substance. Gai list of the FDA website, including chemical name, the applicant company, uses, use scope, under the same conditions, under which any person Keyi list of materials used in the packaging of the substance.
1.2 If you have information to apply for food additives, food packaging process can be proved through the move to a certain amount of food, and the substance is not GRAS (generally recognized as safe) approved the use of the substance or substances before 1958 (or before the approval of substances), the substance is required in accordance with the evaluation of food additives, evaluation procedures, for approval. FDA food additive required to submit applications for chemical, technology, toxicology and a series of data, after a year or years of evaluation, by public notification, approval and other steps included in the federal regulations. The material included in federal regulations, any person may manufacture and use according to regulations.
1.3 FCS Bulletin 1997, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act on amendments to the Food and Drug Cosmetic Act, food contact substances (FoodContactSubstance) the management of the procedures separately.