Bamboo plants growing fast, high output, and every year can be used to get cut, in economic development plays an important role, so bamboo in India had "the poor wood" said. The bamboo very versatile, mainly for the traditional USES up, modern usage, papermaking and waste and utilization, etc.
1. The traditional USES
(1) use of its separate sex: knitting appliance, bamboo shade, bamboo, bamboo shed, ZhuLi, appreciation, headquarter, lantern etc;
(2) use of its load power: Chuan yan, sun flag poles, rod,bamboo furniture stretcher, scaffolding, bamboo chopstick, bed, spike, beams, doors and Windows, floor, ZhuQiao, bamboo rafting and other furniture, appliances;
(3) rechab its elastic: bows, crossbows, rod;
(4) use its resistance: bed column, machine feet, canes, umbrella handles, pole, ZhuDing, bamboo hoop, etc.;
(5) utilize one empty properties: showered, bucket, pipes, the funnel, ChuiHuoTong, bamboo bottle, and empty, flute, etc. Various kinds of Musical Instruments;
(6) use its appearance characteristics: bamboo claims, Mie lam, handicraft, toy and so on.
In fact, the wide use of bamboo is numerous, western yunnan, in south yunnan minority as an example, they spread the grandparents with bamboo habit, live bamboo building, shop, wear ZhuLi,bamboo flooring and bamboo, bamboo, bamboo salary eat bamboo building, live with, to bridge the chopstick bamboo and wood, and crossing the river cut bamboo raft for flood control take bamboo develop, a bucket, basket, Suo, such as appliance based on all draw bamboo, even smoking also use bamboo the hookah. Celebrate New Year dai calendar (4) burning "exalted. With the bamboo slip is made of the soil. It is the dai national minority with ointment bamboo culm fire of waxy young stuff attract thoundsands bamboo rice, is one of the use of bamboo special way.
Xishuangbanna dai bamboo building is made with bamboo, except covered with grass sometimes exclusive, pillars, girders, trabecular, Chuan in, paddles, and the file ladder, etc, all are all xishuangbanna dai ganlan style on the bamboo is in. Legend DaiGuRen won't cover in the house, mostly lived in caves or shelter in a tree. Later palmer sang's elegance saw a beautiful feathers of the phoenix, fly in the heavy rain to his presence. He imitation of the phoenix the roof cover adult glyph wings; To imitate the phoenix feet TuoShen site the room consists of two layer; To imitate the bow with thatched SaoWei phoenix or bamboo piece covered the humanoid roofing, to design the cover become two layer tall foot bamboo building, a generation preach down. So the bamboo building called later generations "who's house, mulberry orders".
Along with the development of economy, culture, QuanLou built with bamboo has not much, but people still called the bamboo building, this is not only a matter of habit, but contains the dai people boundless attachment to the heart of the country, as well as that of a long history of bamboo folk. DaiGuRen live country have warm in winter and cool in summer, moistureproof shockproof characteristics, simple and elegant. A house bamboo building set in bamboo clusters, formed a unique national bamboo culture.
2. Modern purpose
The development of science and technology, the bamboo using constantly open up for a way of changing. In the 40 s foreign began to develop bamboo plywood, successively built bamboo fiber board and veneer production line, but in China the bamboo processing stays in the traditional project, backward in technology, product drab. In the past 10 years, countries and governments at all levels have strengthened the capital support, bamboo production management and technological industry promotion work, our country with bamboo and wood industry sadly arisen.
With bamboo and wood. The main is a large production bamboo qualitative man-made board, instead of all kinds of woodiness board, the main products are: weaving veneered, bamboo floor, bamboo positive lathe cutting board, cover board, bamboo floor, bamboo spelling a flower composite laminates, bamboo, bamboo Mie broken material board, bamboo qualitative particieboard, bamboo watts Luo board and bamboo fiber board, etc. Bamboo qualitative man-made board material to be close, not easy craze, deformation, has a tensile and compressive strength, flexural etc, and various performance indicators are higher than the commonly used wood. According to not complete count, in zhejiang, fujian, hunan, jiangxi, guangdong, sichuan, bamboo resources rich southern provinces and regions, and has established in hundreds of bamboo qualitative man-made board enterprise, the annual output of more than 50000 cubic meters, which is equivalent to save 150000 meters a year of wood.
At present, in China bamboo qualitative man-made board has been widely used in construction, packaging, furniture and transportation industries. Bamboo make furniture, be full of its distinct aesthetic feeling, and bamboo lithe to finalize the design, is making all sorts of beautiful furniture materials ideal. At present,bamboo kitchen the bamboo furniture is main with a bamboo furniture kind, and the bamboo plywood fold furniture, bamboo rectification panels furniture, points of furniture and multi-layer combinations thin stick agglutination bending furniture type etc. Such as sichuan province with bamboo mat making cool "xi mengsai" on the back of, become a combination of Chinese and western winter and summer amphibious products, beautiful and easy, comfortable and durable for furniture supporting added new style.
Bamboo in civil engineering and construction are also widely used. Our country more than 2000 years ago, which is widely used in folk home building and, so far, the southern provinces still used more bamboo to make some permanent or temporary cover half of the non-residential house, and warehouse, etc. In the garden in bamboo had built pavilion and associated corridor, more chic feeling. In foreign countries is some bamboo. Such as Bangladesh rural houses built with 90% of bamboo.
Foreign relevant in the bamboo application of literature quite a lot, such as the United States was the F.A.M cClure learn bamboo building materials of building a house full basic method summarized, published in 1953 the bamboo building materials, "a book, social affairs and the United Nations day in 1972 published" the bamboo and reed application in building ". In bamboo in civil engineering is of much use, can is divided into the following categories: the column, building push frame, scaffolding, ground material (floor). Roofing materials (bamboo watts), wall (ferule wall, fence), truss, soil bamboo structure, interior decoration, bamboo pipes, the bamboo reinforced concrete.
Kunming architectural design institute and kunming construction company has designed oil built large bamboo bamboo building, and in 1984 in Zurich, Switzerland, held a "natural wonders" exhibition, for their attention. In 1985 and rebuilt in the Netherlands grinding, Dan, general is 22.5 meters tall, divided into 5 layers, is China's traditional bamboo craft processing technique and modern design techniques. 1988. They again in Germany baden baden-wuerttemberg said Monday the ninth garden state fair use bamboo to build a high 7.7 meters, the span of two ZhuQiao 55 meters across, and once again, caused a sensation, is called "Europe's first ZhuQiao".
With the development of science and technology, our country constantly develop new application fields of bamboo, bamboo products with each passing day, has obtained the patent products with home alone about kinds, industrial production bamboo qualitative man-made board is especially significant development, from the purpose and the structure, can be classified summarized as follows: bamboo qualitative man-made board, bamboo qualitative broken material board, chipboard, bamboo filament board, chipboard, bamboo qualitative plywood, bamboo plywood (trunk board), weaving veneered (building template), bamboo floor, bamboo qualitative floor board product, single radial board, three string to the board, cut off the panel bamboo, wood, bamboo composite panels, plastic composite panels, cover board, composite plate.